Understanding and Types of Athletic Sports

Understanding and Types of Athletics – Athletics is a sport that is carried out in various ways, including walking, throwing and jumping. In athletics, there are many branches in it and many definitions also explain athletics.

Although it sounds foreign and not very popular, compared to other sports, athletics is the oldest sport and is contested in sporting events, you know. More about the meaning and various types of athletic sports, see the explanation until the end!

Definition of Athletics

Etymologically, athletics is related to the combination of several types of physical sports. Athletics comes from the Greek word athlon, which means contest or competition. Referring to the etymological understanding of athletics, the word athletics can be defined as a competition that has certain sports branches and these sports include jumping, running, walking and throwing.

When referring to the definition of athletics in the encyclopedia, athletics is defined as a competition and athletic sport, but in terminology the word athletics can be interpreted as a form of an activity carried out by humans in everyday life, where the activity is contested in the form of running. , throw and jump.

Thus, the notion of athletics according to the encyclopedia can be concluded as a sport consisting of several combinations of physical sports, for example, such as throwing, jumping, running and walking. Athletics is also defined as a physical sport that uses a track and field such as the high jump, walking, running and javelin throwing.

Understanding and Types of Athletic Sports

Meanwhile, experts define the word athletics as follows.

1. Tamsir Riyadi

According to Riyadi, athletics can be defined as a sport consisting of three race numbers, including the number of roads, running, throwing and jumping. From the notion of athletics put forward by Tamsir Riyadi, he argues that in athletic sports the movements in it are movements that have always been carried out by everyone since ancient times. Riyadi also argues that the movement in this athletic sport is a movement that is included in the effort to maintain life and save oneself from natural disturbances that surround it.

2. Mochammad Djumidar A Widya

According to Mochammad Djumidar A Widya, athletics is defined as one of the elements of physical education and health. Athletics is defined as a component that exists in education as a whole and prioritizes physical activities as well as fostering a healthy life as well as mental, physical, social and emotional development that are in harmony, balance and harmony with one another.

3. Muhajir

Muhajir argues that athletics is a sport that develops and grows simultaneously in human natural activities. Examples include jumping, throwing, walking and running.

From the notion of athletics according to etymology, encyclopedias and experts, the word athletics in athletic sports can be interpreted as follows. Athletics is a sport in which there are several other types of sports that use movements in everyday life such as running, jumping and throwing.

History of Athletics

It is estimated that athletics appeared in the Egyptian civilization around three thousand BC. It was during these times that athletics was thought to have first appeared. However, at that time the sport did not yet have a name, until in early 1829 BC a track and field race called the Tailteann Games was held at the Lugnasad Festival.

Then the athletic sport began to be held at the first Olympics, namely in 776 BC. In that year, the Olympics with athletics became the only sporting event held, namely in the form of running and stadium competitions. Then over time, requests to hold the Olympics grew more and more, so that creativity in the field of athletics also developed.

Since then, society has become more fond of athletic contests such as the Goths, Teutonics and the Celts and the Romans. However, at that time athletic contests were often associated with combat training.

Then in the Middle Ages, noble children began to be trained to run, wrestle, ride and fight using various weapons such as arrows or other weapons of choice. Around 776 BC, contests between rivals and friends were common.

Athletics then continued until the 19th century. Entering the 19th century, formal organizations began to appear in modern events. Included in regular exercise as well as training in the school regime at that time. The Royal Military College at Sandhurst even claims that it used regular sporting events in 1812 and 1825. Meanwhile, according to the findings, the first sporting event was held by the Royal Shrewsbury School Hunt in 1840 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire.

In the modern era, athletic sports are then present in almost every sporting event. In 1896, the modern Olympics then formed the basis in athletics and then in 1928, women were allowed to participate in athletics.

Understanding and Types of Athletic Sports

Various Branches of Athletics

There are several types of athletics and not just one. Here are some kinds of athletic sports.

1. Fast Walking

Understanding and Types of Athletic Sports


The first athletic sport is brisk walking. Brisk walking can be interpreted as a movement by stepping forward continuously, without a broken connection on the ground area. When performing movements on a fast walk, the position of one foot of the athlete must touch the ground, where the position of the foot must be the support of the leg must be straight.

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In the athletic sport of fast walking, it is not allowed to take steps that are carried out by floating or jumping such as when running. According to the rules in brisk walking, the athlete’s feet must be fast, but the feet must still be on the ground at least one foot must always touch the ground.

Brisk walking is a sport with an athletic number which is considered to be done with full sincerity. In Indonesia itself, the fast walking competition is a competition with numbers that have been contested at the national athletics championship since 1978. The distance contested for female athletes is 5 km and 10 km, while for male athletes it starts from 10 km and 20 km.

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